Factorizing is to make a single term: try to write everything as products (multiplication), for example: $$6{x^2} - 19x + 10 = \left( {2x - 5} \right)\left( {3x - 2} \right)$$

Step 1: Find a common factor
Example: $$4xy + {x^4} + x = x\left( {4y + {x^3} + 1} \right)$$

Step 2: Count the number of terms
(terms are separated by + or −)

If none of these methods work, re-arrange the terms, or remove brackets and start again.